Panther Cave is the most famous rock art site in the Lower Pecos region. The impoundment of Amistad Reservoir made the site accessible to the boating public, mandating protective measures that included fencing the main part of the shelter. Vandalism long ago stripped the overhang of occupational debris but the dense painting and overpainting testify to the site's ceremonial importance to the Pecos River people. The National Park Service maintains a boat dock and has erected a display to help visitors understand the pictographs. Panther Cave is dominated by paintings of large mountain lions, colloquially called panthers, and by shamans in their feline incarnations.
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